Southeastern Asia, bordering the Gulf of Thailand, between Thailand, Vietnam, and Laos

Area total 181,035 sq. km (land 176,515 sq km; water 4,520 sq km)

Land boundaries 2,530 km

Coastline 443 km

 Capital City: Phnom Penh

Phnom Penh translates as "Penh's Hill" in Khmer; the city takes its name from the present Wat Phnom (Hill Temple), the tallest religious structure in the city, whose establishment, according to legend, was inspired in the 14th century by a pious nun, Daun PENH

Climate: tropical; rainy, monsoon season (May to November); dry season (December to April); little seasonal temperature variation

Terrain: mostly low, flat plains; mountains in southwest and north

Elevation: highest point: Phnum Aoral 1,810 m; lowest point: Gulf of Thailand 0 m

Geo Note: A land of paddies and forests dominated by the Mekong River and Tonle Sap (Southeast Asia's largest freshwater lake)


Population: 17,304,363 (July 2021 est.)

Nationality: Cambodian(s)

Languages: Khmer (official) 95.8%, minority languages 2.9%, Chinese .6%, Vietnamese .5%, other .2% (2019 est.)

Ethnic Groups: Khmer 97.6%, Cham 1.2%, Chinese 0.1%, Vietnamese 0.1%, other 0.9% (2013 est.)

Religions: Buddhist (official) 97.9%, Muslim 1.1%, Christian 0.5%, other 0.6% (2013 est.)


0-24 years:  47%
25-54 years: 42%
55+ years: 11%

Median age:  26 years

Urbanization - 25% of total population (2021)

Population concentrated in the southeast, particularly in and around the capital of Phnom Penh; further distribution is linked closely to the Tonle Sap and Mekong Rivers



conventional long form: Kingdom of Cambodia
conventional short form: Cambodia
local long form: Preahreacheanachakr Kampuchea (phonetic transliteration)
local short form: Kampuchea

etymology: the English name Cambodia is an anglicization of the French Cambodge, which is the French transliteration of the native name Kampuchea

Independence: 9 November 1953 (from France)

National holiday: Independence Day, 9 November (1953)

Government Type: parliamentary constitutional monarchy

Flag Description

Three horizontal bands of blue (top), red (double width), and blue with a white, three-towered temple, representing Angkor Wat, outlined in black in the center of the red band; red and blue are traditional Cambodian colors

National anthem

"Nokoreach" (Royal Kingdom)
adopted 1941, restored 1993; the anthem, based on a Cambodian folk tune

National symbol(s): Angkor Wat temple, kouprey (wild ox); national colors: red, blue


tourism, garments, construction, rice milling, fishing, wood and wood products, rubber, cement, gem mining, textiles

Exchange rate:  1 USD = 4,078 Cambodian Riels (KHR), 2021 est


International: country code - 855

Internet country code - .kh

Mobile cellular subscriptions: 21,418,681 (127 per 100 inhabitants, 2019 est.)
Internet users total: 6,579,808 (40% of population, 2018 est.)

SOURCE: CIA World Factbook